At least 25% of people with diabetes do not know about their illness. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that develops as a result of absolute or relative insufficiency of the pancreas hormone insulin. It is necessary to bring glucose to the cells of the body, which enters the bloodstream from food and provides tissue with energy. With a lack of insulin or insensitivity to body tissues, the level of glucose in the blood rises – this condition is called hyperglycemia. It is dangerous for almost all body systems.
In this article, Canadian Health and Care Mall (You may also be interested in: Link Between Impotence And Type 2 Diabetes – read on Canadian Health and Care Mall) will throw light on important information about diabetes. After reading our article, you will be on your guard. Take action in time to prevent the development diabetes complications.
Types of Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes mellitus, which are similar, but have some differences.
- A type 1 diabetes is a condition in which, for some reason, beta cells of the pancreas die. These cells produce insulin, so their death leads to an absolute deficiency of this hormone. Such diabetes more often occurs in childhood or adolescence. According to Canadian Pharmacy Mall studies, the development of the disease is associated with a viral infection, inadequate functioning of the immune system and hereditary causes. But a person does not inherit diabetes itself, but only predisposition to it;
- A type 2 diabetes, as a rule, develops gradually, for several years, usually in older people. The person is constantly tired, his wounds do not heal well, his eyesight decreases and memory worsens. But he does not know that this is actually the symptoms of diabetes. Most often, a type 2 diabetes is diagnosed accidentally.
Why do we get a type 2 diabetes?
The onset the disease may be accompanied by exposure to the following factors:
- Genetic – the risk of developing the disease is 3-9% if relatives or parents have with diabetes mellitus;
- Obesity – with an excessive amount of adipose tissue (especially abdominal obesity), there is a marked decrease in the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, contributing to the development of diabetes mellitus;
- Eating disorders – predominantly carbohydrate nutrition with a lack of fiber increases the risk of diabetes mellitus;
- Cardiovascular diseases – atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, IHD, reducing insulin resistance of tissues;
- Chronic stressful situations – in a state of stress, the amount of catecholamines (norepinephrine, adrenaline), glucocorticoids, contributing to the development of diabetes, increases;
- Diabetogenic effect of some drugs – glucocorticoid synthetic hormones, diuretics, some antihypertensive drugs, cytostatics, etc.
- Chronic insufficiency of the adrenal cortex.
Diabetic threat for feet
A type 2 diabetes gives complications to the legs very often. Problems with feet during life occur in 25-35% of all diabetics. And the older the patient is, the more likely he will have such problems. Diseases of the feet in diabetes give a lot of trouble for patients and doctors. Unfortunately, there is no simple solution to this problem so far. You will have to work hard to feel better. And you should be treated only by a professional doctor, not by “folk remedies”.
How many times a day do I need to measure sugar level?
To control diabetes, you need to know how your blood sugar changes during the day. For most diabetics, the main problem is elevated sugar in the morning on an empty stomach, and then – after breakfast. In many patients, glucose also increases greatly after lunch or in the evening. Your situation is special, not like everyone else’s. Therefore, you need an individual plan – a diet, injections of insulin, taking pills and other measures. The only way to collect important information for controlling diabetes is to check your sugar with a glucose meter as often as possible. Can we do blood sugar testing after meals? Yes, you can. The best time to analyze blood sugar level is before eating, after eating and before going to bed. Below, Canadian Health and Care Mall explains how you need to measure it.
The total control of blood sugar is when you measure it:
- In the morning – as soon as they woke up;
- Before you start eating breakfast;
- 5 hours after each injection of high-speed insulin;
- Before every meal or snack;
- After each meal or snack – two hours later;
- Before bedtime;
- Before and after physical education, stressful situations, work hassle;
- As soon as you feel that you are hungry, or suspect that your sugar is below or above normal;
- Before you sit behind the wheel of a car or start doing dangerous work, and then again every hour until you finish;
- In the middle of the night – to prevent night hypoglycemia.
Main goals of diabetes treatment
The main goal of treating a patient with any form of diabetes is to reduce the sugar level in the blood, to normalize all kinds of metabolism in the body as far as possible all, to prevent the development of severe complications.
Canadian Health Care Mall has all common diabetes medications depending on the type of disease. Patients suffering from insulin-dependent (type I) diabetes require injections of insulin. Patients with type II diabetes are prescribed hypoglycemic drugs. Sometimes it is possible to normalize sugar in the blood by diet.
A healthy tea for diabetes
The fact that tea is able to help in the treatment of diabetes has already been proven. The leaves of tea contain polyphenols, which help maintain insulin at a normal level. But many people believe that this drink can completely replace Canadian Pharmacy Mall medicines. This is not quite true. Tea can not replace medicines, but only has a preventive effect. Also, tea is useful for diabetics, because it reduces side effects of taking medications.
Can I eat rice with this disease?
Until recently, this rump was recommended for all patients with diabetes mellitus. However, two years ago, American scientists from Harvard released shocking data: white rice can cause a type 2 diabetes. White grains contain more sugar. However, this can not be said about brown rice. It does not contain simple carbohydrates, which means that such food can not dramatically increase the amount of sugar in the blood of a sick person. Brown rice contains only complex carbohydrates, water-soluble fiber, selenium, a large number of vitamins and polyunsaturated fatty acids. So, eating brown rice could prevent diabetes.
The truth about diabetes and fatty foods
Fatty foods can cause inflammation in people with a type 2 diabetes, a new study showed. Inflammation is associated with many complications related to diabetes, such as heart disease. The study involved 54 people – 15 obese, 12 with impaired glucose tolerance (prediabetes), 18 with a type 2 diabetes and 9 healthy and not obese – who ate foods high in fat after an overnight fast.
Researchers compared levels of endotoxins in participants’ blood before and after they ate fatty foods. All participants had elevated levels of endotoxin after consuming fatty foods, but in people with type 2 diabetes, the level was significantly higher than in healthy, obese people, according to the study. The results showed that obesity and a type 2 diabetes can lead to inflammatory damage to blood vessels and other tissues.
Too much exercise is bad for diabetes?
You should always know your measure when playing sports with diabetes. Only a moderate strictly individual physical loads will produce a beneficial effect on the patient’s condition. It plays the same big role as the basic diabetes treatment. Today, sports are included in the complex of treatment for this disease. After all, with the help of sports and physical exertion in the tissues, the sensitivity to insulin increases. Physical exercises also improve the effect of glucose-lowering drugs. The more a diabetic does sports, the better the blood circulation and blood coagulation system works.
It is also worth noting that various sports help reduce body weight if a person is obese. Even elderly people with diabetes mellitus can increase the sensitivity to insulin due to increased physical loads.
Why you should never fear diabetes?
Diabetes is not the most serious disease. A diabetic can maintain his health in a satisfactory condition, live a long and interesting life. But for this, he must apply effort-every day – to monitor his own health, to treat himself with respect to his own body, to listen to his needs.