The World Diabetes Day is celebrated every year on 14 November. On this day, Frederick Banting was born, who, together with Charles Best, played a significant role in the discovery of insulin in 1922, saving lives of people with diabetes.
Diabetes can be of two types. At type I diabetes, level of insulin in blood is critically reduced, and patients are forced to constantly inject this hormone to stabilize metabolic processes in the body. At type II diabetes, insulin is produced in normal or even increased amounts, but mechanism of its interaction with cells of the body is disrupted. In this case, patients are prescribed a diet and hypoglycemic drugs.
Canadian Health&Care Mall presents some myths on diabetes, commonly spread among people that should be revealed to prevent people from mistakes in treatment or absence of such. By reading this article you will understand why you should never fear diabetes, and that living life with diabetes can be the same as without it.
Myth 1. Diabetes Affects Only People with Excess Weight
Indeed, the absolute majority of cases of diabetes mellitus type II are detected in people with excessive body weight or obesity. But diabetes also appears in adults with normal or even low body weight. And in people with type I diabetes, weight is usually normal.
Myth 2. At Type 1 Diabetes, You can’t Eat Sweet, Fatty and Fried Food
In fact, diet of a patient with type 1 diabetes is practically the same as that of a healthy person, provided that the patient is familiar with the rules of insulin therapy and can apply them in practice.
People with diabetes can just adhere to a balanced diet, which includes, among other things, products containing glucose. It is important to remember that the main feature of diabetic nutrition is reasonable restriction of foods containing easily digestible carbohydrates (sugars), and consumption of sucrose (sugar) in its pure form is really not recommended.
Myth 3. People with Diabetes should Eat Only Diabetic Foods
Specialized products for diabetics, in which sucrose is replaced by artificial sweeteners, can contain large amount of fat. Consequently, these products bring no less harm and are fraught with a number of complications. Diet of a person with diabetes, like any person who leads healthy lifestyle, should not be over-saturated with fats, sugar, salt. At the same time, Canadian Pharmacy Mall reminds, that vegetables, fruits, cereal solid varieties, complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides), proteins, vitamins should be present in sufficient quantities.
Myth 4. Diabetes Leads to Loss of Vision and Amputation of Limbs Sooner or Later
Unfortunately, loss of vision and amputation of limbs is a sad consequence of some complications caused by diabetes. However, patients who do not smoke and control blood glucose level, blood pressure and cholesterol level have all chances to avoid negative development of the disease. You should understand diabetic threat for your feet and learn to prevent any complications. In addition, modern medicines and new approaches to diabetes therapy can effectively prevent complications.
Myth 5. Sports is Contraindicated to Patients with Diabetes
This myth is vividly denied by numerous examples of athletes suffering from diabetes. In fact, people with this disease even need to exercise to improve their health. Certainly, a number of contraindications should be considered in choosing physical loads and remember that too much exercise is bad for diabetes, however, there are no absolute contraindications to performing physical exercises to diabetic patients.
Myth 6. Excessive Consumption of Sugar Leads to Occurrence of Diabetes
Diabetes type I is a genetic disease. Diabetes type II is also caused by genetic factors and incorrect lifestyle. Excess weight, of course, increases risk of developing the disease. A high-calorie diet, saturated with fats and simple carbohydrates, promotes obesity. If in the history of your family there are cases of diabetes, it is worth giving preference to healthy balanced diet, avoid excess weight and reduce risk of the disease. So far, Canadian Health Care Mall found no evidence that consumption of digestible carbohydrates (sugars) alone can cause diabetes.
Myth 7. If Doctor Prescribed Insulin for Diabetes Type II, then the Disease has Acquired Critical State
In most cases, type II diabetes is a progressive disease. At first, it can be treated only by oral (taken through mouth) medications. However, over time, the body produces less insulin, which makes it necessary to take insulin-containing drugs. Nevertheless, switching to insulin should not cause panic, as this is an obligatory part of complex treatment.
Myth 8. Honey can be a Sweetener, and Brown Bread Increases Sugar in Blood Less than White
Honey consists of fructose and glucose in approximately equal proportions. The sugar molecule (sucrose) also consists of the remainder of fructose and the remainder of glucose. Sugar-raising effect of honey is the same as of sugar.
The sugar-raising effect of all types of bread is the same. Nevertheless, bread makes sugar stronger, and bread with addition of bran or unrefined cereals – a little less. Sugar-boosting action depends on the amount of bread. Three pieces of brown bread will increase sugar level more than one piece of white bread.
Myth 9. Introduction of Insulin is Associated with Pain
Modern thin needles make injection almost painless. For patients with fear of injections, there are needleless injectors and special means of administration, in which needle is hidden. There is also new insulin to be inhaled worked out by scientists. So there is no need to be afraid of diabetes treatment.
Myth 10. Insulin Causes Weight Gain
In absence of overdose, insulin therapy does not cause weight gain more than amount on which appetite regulation system is «tuned». Often, insulin therapy begins after a sufficiently long period of decompensation (a condition in which level of sugar in blood can not be corrected by other medications). In such cases, increased sugar level dramatically reduces weight by losing part of food consumed in the form of glucose in the urine.
Subsequent normalization of sugar (with the help of insulin) stops loss of nutrients, and the body uses all food consumed. As a result, weight returns to a state at which it should be with normal daily caloric content of products and level of physical activity.
Myth 11. Diabetes Patients Get Fat from Hormonal Disorders and Insulin Intake
Extra pounds can not be gained from the air. If weight increases – the body needs to take «building material» from somewhere to build the body. Excess body weight occurs when we consume more energy than we spend. Weight loss is a long and difficult process. Over this task you need to work constantly – limiting caloric intake, expanding amount of physical exertion, and sometimes – with the help of medications and surgical methods.
Myth 12. Children with Diabetes are Doomed to Diabetes
According to Canadian Health and Care Mall data, usually this question arises in type I diabetes. In reality, risk of type I diabetes in a child is 2 – 3%, if the father suffers from type I diabetes, and 5 – 6% if type I diabetes is in the mother. In case of presence of this type of disease in both parents, this risk is significantly higher (15 – 30%). With regard to type II diabetes, probability of patient’s children illness is much higher and exceeds 50%.