Diabetes mellitus type 2 (insulin-independent) is a disease of endocrine system, in which pancreas can not produce enough insulin or the body is not able to adequately use it. As a result, hyperglycemia develops – increased level of glucose in blood. Hyperglycemia in absence of treatment can lead to severe complications, damage to blood vessels and internal organs.
Who Suffers from Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus type 2 most often affects people of 40 years of age or older. The main risk factor is obesity. In addition, an important role is played by hereditary factor: if your parents and other relatives have diabetes, risk that you too will become ill increases.
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes are:
- general and muscle weakness;
- dry mouth;
- frequent urination;
- skin itching;
- possible weight loss, despite increased appetite;
- emergence of depressed state;
Disease develops slowly, symptoms usually appear gradually. It is important when the first symptoms occur not to delay visit to doctor. Canadian Health Care Mall reminds – at diabetes the most important thing is to take timely measures. With adequate treatment, adherence to diet at early stage, diabetes is easy to treat, relatively small efforts will prevent development of complications and achieve excellent health.
How to Make Diagnosis?
The doctor makes diagnosis on the basis, first of all, of results of blood and urine tests. Blood and urine tests are performed to detect glucose levels, as well as glucose tolerance test.
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Treatment of type 2 diabetes begins, first of all, with appointment of special diet and moderate exercise. In the initial stages of diabetes, even a slight decrease in weight can lower blood glucose levels, normalize pancreas and lead to improvement in general condition. Ideally, you should bring body mass index (BMI) to normal. In case of diabetes, a lot depends on you – your self-control and will power. Of course, it’s difficult to suddenly change your habits, give up your favorite foods and go on a healthy diet, start moving if you are used to sedentary lifestyle. But health is worth it!
According to Canadian Health&Care Mall research, in 80% or more cases, type 2 diabetes mellitus can be controlled by weight reduction, which is achieved by diet and exercise.
If blood glucose level does not normalize, the doctor will prescribe medications – oral hypoglycemic drugs that increase body’s ability to produce insulin or increase effectiveness of its use. Injections of insulin are necessary only at moderate and severe stages of the disease.
At diabetes self-monitoring is very important. The doctor will prescribe frequency of visits and recommend ways to control blood glucose levels. Modern instruments allow you to quickly, painlessly and accurately determine level of glucose, which will allow you to monitor your condition and prevent development of complications.
If you are at risk (you are over 40, you are overweight, in family history there were cases of diabetes), then you should, first of all, change your lifestyle in order to get rid of excess weight. Eat properly, eat more vegetables and fruits, rough fiber, low-fat meat, and avoid sweet, fatty, smoked and canned foods (learn all false and truth about diabetes and fatty foods consumption). In addition, it is absolutely necessary to have reasonable physical activity – walking, dancing, swimming, any other sports. Find what you like, what you will do with pleasure. But remember that there are some restrictions and too much exercise is bad for diabetes.
The second most important aspect of prevention is control of blood sugar levels. Regularly take tests to «catch» diabetes in the very beginning and prevent the disease. In early stages, diabetes is treated effectively and quickly enough. The main thing is to prevent development of severe and potentially dangerous complications of diabetes mellitus.
If you were diagnosed with diabetes, do not rush to give up your life. Reveal all myths on diabetes and you will see that living life with diabetes is the same as healthy life. Everything in your hands – healthy lifestyle, self-control, exact adherence to doctor’s recommendations and Canadian Pharmacy Mall medications will help you improve your health and restore joy of life.